Primary School (Pk-2nd) 

Reading, writing, spelling, and arithmetic are the foundation upon which the tower of learning is built, and they will be given the highest priority in Preschool-2nd grade. The basic skills, work habits, and attitudes formed in the primary years are of critical importance.


Phonics and Reading
Phonics is the system of letter-sound association taught to children for the purposes of learning to read and spell. Phonics is most effective when taught systematically, thoroughly, intensively, and in a logical and time-tested sequence.

Phonics and spelling continue in 1st and 2nd grades. In 1st grade students continue to develop reading comprehension with whole books, which captivate and motivate children and are preferred over basal readers.

A rich language experience, provided both at home and in school, is an important factor in reading success. Students memorize poems and Scripture and enjoy children’s classics read by teachers and parents during read-aloud time.

Spelling and Printing 
Students will develop the visual memory for accurate spelling by a systematic study of phonics, word families, and spelling rules, and by a lifetime of seeing, reading, and writing words correctly. It is very important to reduce opportunities for children to write or see misspelled words; young students who are allowed to spell creatively or phonetically have a confused visual memory that is difficult to overcome.

 The discipline of neat and legible handwriting is an aid to spelling and instills the value of accurate, careful work – an important academic skill that carries over into every aspect of learning. In the 1st and 2nd grades students continue to practice manuscript while also beginning cursive script.


Immediate recall of addition and subtraction facts through 18 is the focus in primary school. Number formation, counting, time, calendar, measurement, and money are the initial skills. In 2nd grade the students also begin multiplication with the 1x, 2x, 5x, and 10x facts. Students will learn number sense by skip-counting, games, and drills, all of which make math time enjoyable.

Geography, History, and Science 

Our Read-Aloud Program consists of a set of thirty books, one set for each grade in Preschool-2nd grade, one book for each week. These books provide a rich language experience for students, as each book is read aloud every day the class meets and is accompanied by oral questions and discussion. Students learn new and interesting words and delight in rhyme and word play.  They learn about holidays, history, geography, science and more. The read-aloud books, which are beautiful in both art and language, were chosen after extensive research and reading.

Primary students will study globes and maps to learn continents, oceans, major countries, and basic geography terms. Second graders will be introduced to states and capitals. In science, students learn about seasons, weather, and local flora and fauna. 

Christian Studies, Music and Art
In Christian Studies students will read or listen to Bible stories and memorize Scripture verses and prayers. Students will have weekly music instruction; they will have lessons in the basic elements of music, including ear training, note reading, and choral performance. In music appreciation, students will be introduced to a well-known composer and piece of music weekly. Students will draw and color every day in their composition books, illustrating copybook verses, poems, and composition lessons.  In art appreciation, primary students learn about artists and study art masterworks.